Aviation Noise Roles and Responsibilities
Scottsdale Airport is one element of a national air transportation system and plays a vital link in the regional general aviation system. Scottsdale Airport strives to be a leader in noise abatement efforts.
Many different organizations share the responsibility for elements of a noise abatement program and airport operators are just one of these responsible parties. The various participants in the aircraft noise abatement issues and their roles are as follows:
The Federal Government
The national air transportation exists today primarily through Federal legislation and every facet is governed by Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) regulations. The FAA exercises control of aircraft noise through:
- Establishing aircraft noise emissions standards
Aircraft are certified by the government under Federal Aviation Regulation (FAR) Part 36 for various levels of noise emissions. All newly manufactured jet aircraft are certified to quiet "Stage 3" standards, however, many noisier "Stage 2" business jet aircraft are still permitted to operate without as no mandatory noise-reducing "hushkits" are yet required for these aircraft. There is an ongoing international dialog about developing a new quieter "Stage 4" standard.
- Managing the Air Traffic Control System
The Federal Aviation Act of 1958 established the management of navigable airspace a Federal responsibility. The FAA has been tasked as the Agency responsible for operating the airspace safely and efficiently. Airspace in the Phoenix Metro area is controlled primarily by the Phoenix Hub & Terminal Radar Approach Control (TRACON) which supervises the Scottsdale Air Traffic Control Tower and other valley airport FAA Air Traffic Control Towers. The Phoenix Hub also is co-sponsoring the Phoenix Airspace User Working Group (PAUWG) made up of aviation stakeholders throughout the region that periodically meets to discuss technical airspace issues. More information on air traffic and noise may also be found at the FAA’s Western Pacific Region – Air Traffic Environmental Page.
- Licensing of Airmen & Enforcement of Flight Regulations
Pilots are trained under strict guidelines in procedures that are intended to be uniform at airports across the country. Noise abatement awareness is part of the required pilot training curriculum. Federal regulations dictate Pilot responsibilities, and the FAA is responsible for ensuring pilots comply with Air Traffic Control Instructions and flight regulations. The Flight Standards District Office (FSDO) regulates this activity.
- Noise Compatibility Studies
14 CFR Parts 150 & 161 govern airport noise compatibility studies and local airport operators' ability to enact new noise regulations.
State of Arizona
State regulation of aircraft in flight is preempted by Federal law, however, State regulations do affect disclosure of aircraft flight paths and noise. Arizona Revised Statute 28-8486 Public Airport Disclosure requires the recording of public airport disclosure maps. The maps provide information to prospective homebuyers as well as current homeowners. Additionally, the State Division of Aeronautics regulates other aspects of aviation, but not aircraft in flight.
The City of Scottsdale is responsible for promoting noise abatement procedures and ensuring compatible land development through zoning and stipulations within the Airport Influence Area. Airports have no authority to govern aircraft operators while in the air, but are the local point of contact for noise complaints. More information
Aircraft & Engine Manufacturers
Aircraft manufacturers are charged with building aircraft that are safe and comply with Federal noise regulations. Newer engines are quieter and more efficient, and significant debate exists about the issue of requiring retrofitting of older jet aircraft with new, quieter engines.
Aircraft operators are responsible for operating their aircraft safely, while in compliance with Federal Aviation Regulations governing flight and Air Traffic Control instructions. The national and local pilot associations actively encourage their members to "fly friendly" and exercise noise abatement procedures whenever possible.
Current and prospective residents in areas surrounding or near airports should seek to understand the aircraft noise and steps that can be taken to minimize its effects. Prospective home buyers should research the location of airports, flight paths and determine if aircraft noise affects their quality of life. The City of Scottsdale works with developers, residents and realtors regarding noise disclosure to ensure homebuyers are informed about aircraft noise and flight paths and can make an informed decision before purchasing a home.
15000 N. Airport Drive, 2nd Floor, Scottsdale, AZ 85260
(480) 312-2321 (480) 312-8480 Fax
(Located at Butherus Drive and North Airport Drive) see map